Upward Bound, Talent Search, and Student Support Services were the original TRiO programs established by the federal government to make sure that all Americans, regardless of race, ethnic background, or economic circumstance, received equal access to education.
TRiO began with the Economic Opportunity Act of 1964, the original War on Poverty statute, which created Upward Bound. This program helps high school students prepare for college. Participants receive instruction in literature, composition, mathematics and science on college campuses after school.
Talent Search was implemented through the Higher Education Act of 1965. This program serves young people in grades six through twelve. Participants receive information about college admissions requirements, scholarships, and financial aid.
Special Services, now Student Support Services, was created in 1968. This program helps eligible students stay in college until they earn their college degrees. Participants, who may be first generation college, low-income, or have a documented disability, receive academic and personal counseling, tutoring, and transfer assistance.
Later TRiO programs implemented include the Ronald E. McNair Post-Baccalaureate Achievement (1986). Through McNair, eligible students and minority undergraduates are encouraged to consider careers in college teaching as well as prepare for doctoral study. This program was named in honor of the astronaut that died in the 1986 space-shuttle explosion.
For further information on other TRiO services and programs, visit the national TRIO programs website at Federal TRIO Programs